You may ask yourself what animation is and how can it be defined. In fact, defining animation is pretty simple: a set of sequential images displayed with haste or creating a form which imitates a dynamic state.

The origin of animation modeled in attempting to convey the perception of motion can be traced back to the Paleolithic era. Cave painting show animals drawn with multiple legs in superimposed positions, trying to imitate motion. There are many other examples coming from the ancient world. An earthen bowl found in Iran which dates back 5200 years and it shows a goat leaping up to a tree to take a leaf. When you take a look at the Parthenon you may observe a frieze relief which shows horses galloping. These examples represent indeed the origin of animation but for now we should focus on something more close to our time.

Now you may ask: Alright, who is the inventor of film animation? - Nobody. We cannot attribute the creation of film animation to a single person as there were different people focusing on several projects, which may be viewed as some variations of animation, at the same time. At the beginning of the 20th century Georges Méliès invented by mistake a technique which gave the illusion of an object morfing into another. His camera broke when he filmed a bus driving by, after he fixed it, a horse passed as Méliès continued to film, and the result was that the bus appeard to change into a horse. At the same time, maybe a few yers apart if not concomitant, J. Stuart Blackton was probably the first American filmmaker to use the techniques of stop-motion and hand-drawn animation. In 1900 his first film appeared, The Enchanted Drawing, and six years later came the second Humorous Phases of Funny Faces. And to end this brief history of early animation we have to mention Emile Cohl and Winsor McCay. The first becgan drawing cartoon strips and created a film in 1908 called Fantasmagorie. The later, made detailed animations on drawn on a sequents of papers, each paper contain characters in motion and a background, on each paper it would be a must to redraw the same background and another movement to the character.

As you know, this form of arts didn’t remain in its „primitive” forms, it has evolved. From the first 2D animations like Foster’s Home for Imaginary Fiends or Jib Jab, to the 3D animations of our days like Finding Nemo or Shrek. Nowadays animation require entire studios to focus on their creation, one man’s work would not be sufficient. Still, one single person can play a tremendously important role if he is the one who elaborates an original idea for the animation.